Golfer’s elbow, also called as the Medial Epicondylitis, is the injury occurring on the inner aspect of the elbow. This is an overuse syndrome involving the musculo-tendinous origin of the common flexors. Same as the tennis elbow, this is also a form on tendinitis.



The mechanism of this injury can be a single violent action of the muscle or, more commonly, repetitive stress injury where an action is performed repeatedly. It may result into one or more of the following:

  • Poor sports technique (such as golf ball hitting from the top)
  • Occupational tasks involving repetitive movements of the wrist and hands (such as carpenters who use hand tools on occasion or people involved in desk bound jobs)
  • Injury on the elbow or minor tears of the tendon (such as hitting directly)
  • Lifting heavy objects with wrists flexed or tight grips




  • Aching pain on the inner side of the elbow
  • Pain frequently radiating into the forearm
  • Pain with resisted in-turning of the wrist and flexion
  • Pain with passive backward stretching of wrist
  • Weakness of grip strength



Main aim is to reduce inflammation and pain and to stretch and strengthen the wrist flexor muscles

Medical Help

Your doctor may prescribe some anti-inflammatories and pain-killers.


Your Physiotherapist may try various techniques to reduce the inflammation and pain. This may include:

  • Radial Shock Wave Therapy: There is an increased delivery of nutrients to the affected area, which increases the blood vessel formation and initiates the healing response.
  • Interferential Therapy: Electrical current that stimulates the peripheral sensory and muscle nerve fibres to reduce pain and inflammation
  • Ultrasound: This decreases tissue inflammation, promotes healing and increases blood circulation to the area.
  • Ice Therapy: To aid in reducing pain and inflammation.
  • Laser: This involves the application of low power light to areas of the body in order to stimulate healing as it penetrates deeper into the underlying tissue.
  • Frictional Massage: This type of massage helps to break up scar tissue and adhesions.
  • Exercise Therapy: Includes muscle stretches to maintain the length of the muscles and strength.
  • Ergonomics Tips and Advice on Activity Modification: Your Physiotherapist can advise you on how to improve your posture or improve your technique at sports and other activities to help prevent further injuries.
  • Elbow Guard or Tape: This helps to support the tendon and reduce further strain on it.




  • Applying ice packs
  • Regular stretching as advised by the Physiotherapist
  • Resting the arm or reducing repetitive movements
  • Proper technique when working or playing sports
  • Bracing or taping the elbow during activities