Sensory Stimulation techniques help to normalise the tone of the muscle
Neuro-muscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) that encourages brain re-organization and recovery of function and stimulates nerve activity in paralysed limbs.
Exercise Therapy: Motor Learning emphasizes on practicing isolated movements, repeatedly changing from one movement to another. Coordination & Balance training for both static and dynamic sitting/standing balance is being worked on using obstacles, ramps, and bean bags.
Gait Re-education: Walking is mostly affected following stroke, Therefore, gait re-education is an important physical therapy intervention for patients following stroke.
Cognition Training: Selective sensory stimulation is applied to encourage use of impaired limbs and to help patients regain awareness of stimuli on the neglected side of the body. Therapist also teaches how to develop compensatory strategies
ADL Modifications: Help patients make changes in their homes to increase safety, remove barriers, and facilitate physical functioning, which helps in their daily ADL.
Speech & Swallow: Pathologists help patients with aphasia re-learn how to use language and also help people improve their ability to swallow.