As a general rule, the principle for initial treatment of minor sports injuries (with no bleeding) is P.R.I.C.E. which stands for:

  • Protection by taping or strapping the part to prevent further damage
  • Rest for the first 72 hours promotes healing
  • Ice on the area for the first 72 hours to control inflammation
  • Compression with an elastic bandage
  • Elevation whenever possible to reduce the swelling

A doctor may prescrive anti-inflammatories and pain killers. If there is localised inflammation and swelling, then the doctors may use cortisone injections.