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    Vertigo/Dizziness

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

What is it?
  • A common cause of dizziness.
  • A balance disorder affecting the inner ear.
  • It responds favourably to treatment / exercises.
  • Benign means it is of no danger to health.
Symptoms include
  • Dizziness or vertigo, light-headedness imbalance, nausea.
  • They occur with certain movements e.g. looking up, bending over, turning.
Causes
  • Mostly it occurs for no known reason.
  • Other times it is related to migraines, a head injury, ear viruses, minor strokes, after surgery.
Why?
  • It is due to loose particles in the inner ear sending false signals to the brain about your body’s movement (see diagram).
Treatment
  • Repositioning manoeuvres by vestibular therapists (from trained doctors, physiotherapists).
  • Vestibular rehabilitation exercises (from trained physiotherapists).

Adapted Jan 2013 from Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo- BPPC (Pub. R-5) Vestibular Disorders Association www.vestibular.org